Open/Close Menu A well equipped and furnished Proctology Hospital.

Pilonidal Sinus

Pilonidal Sinus a term derived from the Latin word. It means a nest of hair. So, from the meaning only it
is showing the main cause of Pilonidal which is ingrown hair. From 10000 people in India a year,
0.03% are suffering from Pilonidal Sinus. It is common among youngsters in India. As per the report
male are more likely to suffer from Pilonidal Sinus than female because males tend to be much
hairier than females.

Pilonidal Sinus is a skin infection type of disease, which usually found as a cyst between the cheeks
of the buttocks and mostly at the upper end. It is a small channel or a sinus tract which may
originate from the source of infection and open surface of skin. Bacteria, Skin debris and mainly
hair are filled in this type of cyst. This can be infected and can cause itchiness, severe pain. This
infection seepage blood, pus and it stink a lot.

Causes of Pilonidal Sinus:
It is generally caused by loose hair pushing into the skin. It’s a kind of “splinter in the figure”, but
here it is hair into the buttocks. Sitting for a long period of time can allow the hair to grow into the
skin. When the growing hair of the buttocks into the skin, the body considered as a splinter and launch
an immune response against that hair growing inside and because of this immune system, a cyst
formed from that hair between the cheek of the buttocks
Other factors which can cause Pilonidal Sinus:

Pressure towards Buttocks
Friction from bad fabric cloth
Too much hair growth
Too much sweating
Sitting for a long time

Symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus:

In the beginning, it might not get noticed but if it got infected, a cyst will form around the hair
between cheeks of the buttocks. And because of hair, bacteria, and fluid-filled in the cyst symptoms
might get noticeable:

  • Swelling around the infected area
  • Low fever
  • Seepage of pus or blood
  • Serve Pain while sitting & standing
  • Bad smell due to pus
  • Redness
  • Moisture in the infected area

Symptoms will develop quickly and will likely to get worse without any treatment. Pain in the area
will make it uncomfortable to sit or stand or lie.
Risk factors:

The main risk factors for Pilonidal Sinus are:

  • Obesity
  • Excess body hair
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Prolonged Sitting
  • Youngsters (Commonly for in the people of 20 in age)
  • Male gender


To prevent Pilonidal Sinus:

  • Cleanliness and Hygiene should maintain very well
  • Keep yourself fit and healthy by doing proper exercise
  • Try to take a small break for avoiding sitting for long hours.
  • Reduce your weight if you are overweighted
  • Use hair removal products to reduce the risk (If you are already affected don’t shave without
    that area until any instruction from the doctor)
  • Take bath daily or twice a day


If you have no infection there will be no complication but still to prevent visit to the specialist doctor
for better treatment.
If you are already infected and having symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus which would develop very
quickly, then in this case you will need surgery from the doctor to drain the sinus of pus. Contact Dr. Niket Shah for the complete treatment of pilonidal sinus in Ahmedabad. also get the treatment for piles hospital in Ahmedabad.

WhatsApp chat